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Puma Punku


Puma Punku

Tiahuanacu is in the Bolivian Andes lying 13.300 feet (over 2 miles) above sea level.   It is located some 15 miles from the shores of Lake Titicaca.  

Of all the known megalithic structures throughout the world, Puma Punku is probably at the top of the list.   Puma Pumku is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia (also known as: Tiahuanaco, Bolivia.

Tiwanaku is significant in the Incan tradition because it is believed to be the site where the world was created, and I am certain that for this part of the world it was the beginning.  

Puma Punku is also quite possibly one of the oldest megalithic sites on Earth, with the possible exception of locations under the ice of Antarctica.  It is considered to be one of the most mysterious ruins on the face of earth, and of course if we consider the precision of the engineering and placement of the great stones it rivals the great Pyramid.   Modern scholars, archaeologists and geologists cannot explain how these stones were created or transported 10 miles or more to the building site.  

Of course modern archeologists continue to attempt to explain the age of this site as being 500 AD however the native people explain that this site was built long before the end of the last age, about 16,000 plus years ago.   (Its first investigator, Arthur Posnansky, a German engineer who dedicated fifty years to its study, dated its origins to 15,000 B.C.).

 We do know without doubt the native people of 1500 years ago could not have built such a structure, they could not have faced the stones or transported them… the people of that time simply had no way or means, no tools for doing any of this.

The entire area and all structures and building are composed of “Diorite”.  It is an extremely hard rock, making it difficult to carve and work with.  It is so hard that ancient civilizations (such as Ancient Egypt) used Diorite balls to work granite.

Its hardness, however, also allows it to be worked finely and take a high polish, and to provide a durable finished work.

It is obvious from the available evidence that the entire area was subjected to a massive explosion, quite possibly the result of a nuclear bomb. (As a side note science has discovered 7 places on the Earth that clearly indicate the use of nuclear weapons in the distant past).

Most of the stones weigh in between 200 and 450 tons with one of them weighing over 600 tons (putting this into common measurement the stones weigh in between 400,00 pounds up to 1,200,000 pounds).  The nearest location for a quarry is more then 10 miles away and the terrain between the quarry and the structure is not level or flat.   The plateau where the ruins sit has an elevation above 13,000 feet and the terrain in the area is not forested. 

Part of the mystery of this site is the stones themselves.  They are cut with extreme precision and are designed to interlock (lock together like pieces of a puzzle).   The site location and the stones demonstrate a sophisticated knowledge of geometry and engineering and this is exhibited throughout Puma Punku and includes advanced masonry, stone cutting techniques and the very real possibly of precision machining. 

To be able to interlock the massive blocks together as those found in Puma Punku each and every block has to be precisely cut to the exact size needed to fit into the other blocks.  The most prevalent blocks found at this site are “H” blocks, (H shaped) which have identical dimensions and with an accuracy to the nearest millimeter.   The corners, which appear to be cut at a 45-degree angle, are actually slightly less.

With the angles slightly less than 45 degrees, the blocks can slide into each other and remain locked together. The only way to separate them would be by sliding them apart again. This effect allows for a much stronger structure.

As mentioned, Diorite is the building block )material) of choice.  It is an extremely hard rock making it difficult to carve and work with. Although it is possible to crush, smash, or even split, it remains extremely difficult to accurately make precision cuts through it.   And yet the blocks of various sizes and shapes are cut in a most precise fashion and indicate a technology rivaling machined work.

Puma Punku 14                 pumapunku_image002

H blocks

pumapunku1

The pictures above shows how accurate they were able to cut Diorite while keeping the dimensions nearly perfect. Modern methods used to cut this type of stone require the use of diamond tipped blades combined with computer controlled machinery. While it may have been possible to have cut through this stone thousands of years ago it would have been completely impossible to have done it the same exact way multiple times and end up with exactly the same measurements over and over again to the precision of less than a millimeter.

The types of measurement apparatus, cutting, and drilling tools required to accomplish such work were just not available during this time period.

Here is a video from the History Channel:

The Mysterious And Intriguing Ruins Of Tihuanaco And Puma punku

THE PORT OF PUMA PUNKU

As strange as it may seem Tiahuanacu is a port, however the nearest body of water is Lake Titicaca located a little more then 15 miles away.

On the rock cliffs near the piers and wharf’s of the port area of the ruins are yellow-white calcareous deposits that form long, straight lines indicating prehistoric water levels.   These ancient shorelines are strangely tilted, although at one time they must have been level.

The surrounding area is covered with millions of fossilized seashells.   It appears; from the tilting of the ancient shoreline striations and the abundant presence of fossilized oceanic fossils that a tremendous uplift of land has taken place in the ancient past.   Geologists estimate that this event happened roughly around “100 million years ago.   If the numbers are correct and this area was indeed a sea port can we assume that the port is at least 100 million years old?   

Numerous archaeological studies indicate Tiahunacu was once a large thriving seaport where literally hundreds of ships may have docked.

Historians think the original city was built when the shore was only 600 feet away.   Built before the Great Flood of the Old Testament, the city is one of the oldest on the planet.